100% hardwood is milled from lumber. As a natural material, hardwood will react to changes within its setting, such as moisture & extreme temperatures, which could cause the solid wood to shrink and/or expand. All solid hardwood can be sanded and refinished if needed over the years. Solid hardwood is not recommended for installation below ground level or in bathrooms. Real wood is characterized by texture variation found in the wood grain, therefore no two planks of hardwood flooring, will appear exactly alike.

What Kind of Solid Wood Should I Choose?

Wood Hardness

For high traffic areas, consider Hickory, Maple, Oak, and Ash. The Janka scale rates the relative hardness of wood. This is one of the best measuring the most popular choices in wood floorings. The higher the number the harder the wood. Plank construction and finish are also important factors when determining the durability and ease of maintenance of any wood floor. Solid hardwood flooring are produced from single pieces of wood, they can be prefinished or unfinished. Note that solid hardwood planks do not come wider than 5″.


Solid hardwoods that are sanded & sealed, have at least four coats of ultraviolet-cured urethane resin by the manufacturer.  Pre-finished hardwood floors offers consistent quality, & easier installation and can be used as soon as it is laid.


Unfinished solid hardwood floors must be sanded & sealed on-site.  This involves extensive preparation(s). The sanding process is messy; significant drying time is required after each sealing application, sometimes requiring up to five days for completion. Factor in the additional finishing costs when considering your flooring budget.

Latest Trends

Buyers are moving away from the traditional 2¼” strip floor to wider planks, 7½”. Random width planks are also popular, creating a more casual look, while utilizing more of the raw materials during the manufacturing process. Depending on moisture conditions, exotic wood species are also becoming trendy. Don’t be afraid to incorporate your hardwood with other flooring options like stone, tile, or carpet. This approach often helps to define different seating or functional areas within a large, open space.

General Maintenance

In order to avoid seasonal gapping from becoming noticeable and to reduce the amount of movement, relative indoor humidity level should be kept at 45-55% throughout the year.

Hardwood floors are non-toxic and trap no allergens such as mold spores or dust.

Knowing which type of finish is applied to protect the hardwood floor is important, different finishes require different kinds of care. Check with Cover ups what cleaner is best for your finish. Also, placing felt pads on the bottom of furniture legs and scatter rugs will minimize scratches and keep small stones and debris off the floor.  Special under mats for area carpets can be purchased to protect your floors from discoloration.

In general though, just a simple – dust mopping, sweep or vacuuming with special hardwood floor attachments or (with the beater bar turned off). Avoid using a wet mop which can dull the finish. DO WIPE up any spills IMMEDIATELY, using a soft, dry or slightly damp cloth, starting at the edges of the spill and working toward the center. Allowing spills to remain on hardwood floors could damage the finish, as well as the wood.

Our Solid Hardwood Flooring Vendors